Many new candle makers often wonder how to get the best results when attempting to color their wax. While candle makers may be familiar with the process of adding different types of colorant to their wax in order to create a beautiful-looking candle, the majority of beginners struggle with when they should be adding their colorant to their wax blend. Adding colorant to your wax while it is too hot can cause the color to not consistently incorporate with the wax, while adding it to your wax when too cold can cause the colorant to not dissolve completely, leaving behind annoying dye particles.
Adding colorant to your wax blend is a very easy and simple process, the hardest part may be cleaning up! The first thing to note would be the amount that should be added to each pound of wax, which would depend on the type of colorant being used. If you are using liquid dye, one drop of dye should be enough to color a whole pound of wax. If you are using candle dye chips, one whole chip would be enough to color one pound of wax. As for dye blocks, shaving pieces off of the block would change the shade of the color you are looking to add. On average, a dye block would be able to color 5-50 lbs. of wax per block, so use very sparingly for a lighter shade. Please note that testing should always be done in order to ensure you receive your preferred color shade. Putting a couple of drops of wax on a white piece of paper will show the current color at which your wax will cool at.
The most important thing to remember before adding your candle colorant is the state your wax must be at in order to begin adding. Your wax must be fully melted in order to fully incorporate any colorant. Depending on the wax you are using, most times the wax would have fully melted at around 175°- 185° F. You want to add your colorant during this state in order to receive the best results. Adding candle colorant while the wax is still in a solid state or when the wax is too hot will result in the colorant underperforming. Dye chips/blocks for candles melt smoothly around 160°-180° F, so it is recommended to once again test different temperatures around that range in order to find which gives you the best result. Liquid dyes can be added any time after the wax has fully melted into its liquid state, although be aware of going too low a temperature or too high.
One final factor that can affect the timing of when the candle colorant should be added to your wax is the addition of candle fragrance oil. Fragrance oil can affect the chemical makeup of any colorant, so it is important to know the steps to take in order to incorporate both into your wax blend. The first thing to note is that your fragrance oil should always be added first. Adding your fragrance oil after the colorant can cause major color changes and will result in the wax undergoing discoloration. In order to have a wax blend that works with both fragrance oil and colorant, you must use products that will be compatible with one another. For example, a fragrance oil with a flash point between 130°-180° can be compatible with any candle colorant due to the lesser hazard this fragrance oil will cause due to its flash point. For fragrance oils that have flash points at 130° F or lower, it would be best to use liquid dye due to the fact that liquid dye will leave less dye particles once your wax has cooled and reverted back to a solid state. It is important to always do extensive research on the products you are using in order to receive the best, and safest results for your candles.
Adding fragrance oil to your wax is a fun and very easy way to help your candles stand out from the rest! While many new candle makers may be familiar with the idea of adding fragrance oil to their wax in order to produce a wonderful-smelling candle, most actually struggle with when they should be adding the oil to their wax blend. Adding fragrance oil to your wax while it is too hot, or too cold, can have dire effects on the potency of the fragrance. Both times resulted in the wax having little to no scent while burning.
Adding fragrance oil to your wax may seem a little daunting to first-time candle makers, especially to those attempting their first-ever wax blend. But not to worry beginners, adding fragrance oil is actually a very simple process as long as you follow these steps. The first thing to note would be the amount that should be added to each pound of wax which would be, 1oz of fragrance per 1 pound of wax. Please do note that tests should always be done to ensure that you are adding the proper amount of wax to fulfill your personal preference.
While figuring out how much fragrance oil should be added to your batch is important, knowing when you should be adding the oil is crucial to the result of the candle and its performance. When to add your fragrance oil is not necessarily based on the appearance and state of the wax, rather it is dependent on the temperature at which your wax is fully melted. Depending on the wax you are using, most times the wax would have fully melted at around 175°- 185° F. You want to add your fragrance oil at around 155°- 165° F once your wax begins to cool, at which point you can incorporate the oil thoroughly with the wax and pour once both have combined.
The temperature of which adding the fragrance oil may slightly vary when using different waxes, so it is important to know the melting point at which it is best to mix for each wax. Usually, any wax would begin to melt at around 130° F, but the point at which the wax will be ready to mix differs. If you are using soy wax, it is recommended to begin mixing once the wax hits about 155° - 165° F. Really, it’s all about knowing your wax melting point along with what temperature is best to mix at. Please also note that each wax should hit its max melting point in order to fully melt the wax all through, once it is cooled to its desired temperature you may then add the fragrance oil.
If you are unfamiliar with what the Flash Point of fragrance oil for candles is, Flash Point refers to the temperature at which a fragrance oil becomes combustible. This can be rather dangerous when attempting to light up the candle as the wick may cause a spark in the composition of the candle, causing it to combust. Always make sure you are adding your fragrance oil at the recommended flash point depending on how high or low the temperature is. For flash points under 130° F, always add the fragrance oil at or below 130°. For flash points between 130° - 180°, always add the fragrance oil at or slightly below the designated flash point. For example, a fragrance oil for candles with a flash point at 155° can be either added at 140° - 150° F or exactly at 150° F. For any flash point above 180°, never add the fragrance oil above that temperature.
Making your own candles can seem like a difficult and confusing process to new candle makers. Often times new candle makers will struggle with where to begin their journey in candle making. Well, a very fun and easy way to begin your career in candle making can start with tapered candles. Taper candles are fun and easy to make for new beginners, and they look great as well!
Taper candles are tall, thin candles that can stand on it’s or own, or could be placed in holders. Taper candles can vary based on their size, diameter, and color. The burn time at which a taper can burn depends on the candle wax you use to make the taper and the wick that holds the taper. Height also plays a huge factor in the time at which a taper can burn.
A reason why a taper candle can be very easy to make is the fact that only a few pieces of equipment are needed to create them. The items needed to create a taper include wax, wicks, and a melting pot to melt your wax. I would also recommend a mason jar in order to support the taper.
To start the process of making a taper, you must first melt your wax in a melting pot. We recommend boiling a pot of water to rest your wax over in order to keep it from drying. Once your wax is melted down to the recommended temperature of 165 F, you can begin the dipping process. Before dipping your wicks into the wax, make sure they are trimmed down to your desired size.
Make sure to always add an extra 2 cm to your desired length in order to have a better melt. Once the wicks have been trimmed, you may begin dipping them into the hot wax. Keep the wicks submerged until you see air bubbles appear, once the air bubbles are completely gone you may then remove the wicks from the wax. Leave the freshly dipped wick in a warmed jar in order to keep them straightened and to avoid the wax drying completely. Once you have coated all of your wicks, place the remaining wax over the pot with boiled water in order to keep it warm enough to coat the wicks once again.
Once your wicks have cooled, re-dip them into the remaining wax to cover them in another coat of wax. Hang the wicks on a drying rack to allow them to cool and dry. Repeat this process until you have reached your desired size. Make sure you leave enough room for the wick to burn thoroughly. Once all is said and done, you will have beautiful tapers for yourself or others you may want to share them with.
To make your tapers more visually appealing we would recommend adding color to your final result. In order to add color, you must add candle dye to your wax as the wax is melting. We have step-by-step instructions on how to your dye your wax on our page, but in a simple explanation, you may use dye blocks or liquid dye to color your wax. For the dye blocks, use shavings sparingly in order to get the desired shade of color you would like. As for the dye, you may use one drop for every 5 lbs. of wax. Add both while the wax is at 185 F to get the best results.
Making your own candles is already a fun and exciting accomplishment to start, but how can you take it to the next level? Plain white candles can be often boring and dull, but adding color to your candles can spice things up, especially for the holiday season of Christmas. A color that stands out during the Christmas season is the color red. Red reminds us of the many icons we think of during Christmas which include, Red Stockings, candy canes, and of course Santa Claus!
The idea of adding color to your candles may seem like a difficult task, but this process can be completed within a few easy steps. First, you must melt the wax you are using to make the candles, make sure it is completely melted before proceeding. Next, add the colorants of the specific color you are looking to make, in this case, we would be using red. Finally, pour the wax into your mold, and you’ll have yourself a beautiful colored candle!
The best colorant to use in order to make your candles red would be candle dye. There are three dyes in particular that are used for coloring wax, they include, liquid candle dye, dye blocks, and food coloring. It would be your personal preference based on which colorant gives you the best look for your candle, but all three work great with wax.
If you are using liquid dye, about 1 ounce of dye should be enough color for 125 lbs. of wax. So it is safe to say that one drop should do the trick for coloring your wax red. If you are using dye blocks or dye chips, it is recommended to shave off a couple of flakes in order to have a lighter shade of red, or if you are looking for a darker shade, you may add half a block or the whole dye block to receive a darker shade of red.
Depending on which colorant you will be using to color your wax, you would have to add them based on the temperature. For dye blocks, the recommended temperature at which you should be adding them is 185 F. For liquid dye, you may add one drop during the melting point in order to see the best results. We always recommend testing the results first in order to know how much should be added and at what temperature point the colorant should be added in order to best fit the candle you envisioned making.
Now that you have made your very own red-colored candles, it may feel like something more could be added to make them even more special. Adding some fragrance oil could help elevate the creativity of your candle. It is recommended to add the fragrance oil to the melted wax before adding the colorant to your mixture. Depending on the wax, we would recommend adding 1 ounce per pound of wax to get the best results.
DO THESE STEPS APPLY TO ALL COLORS
These steps go beyond more than just red holiday candles; it applies to whatever colors your imagination is set on. You can create multi-color candles that represent a multitude of holidays. You can create a blue and pink candle to represent the new baby at a gender reveal party, the possibilities are limited only by your imagination and creativity. So go on and create some beautiful Christmas-themed candles, or create whatever your imagination envisioned.
Crafting an outdoor candle can get pretty tricky as you want to be mindful of the fragrance oils you are crafting with, as certain scents can attract bugs when you ultimately want to repel them!
Having an outdoor candle burning as you're relaxing on your patio, sitting by the pool or having dinner in your backyard can not only add that extra glow to the ambiance but it can also rid you of pesky bugs like mosquitoes and flies.
Creating a candle for outdoors is perfect for adding an extra touch to your outdoor décor. It’s especially great for the summer as a bright light can attract bugs.
Citronella candle fragrance: As a natural insect repellent citronella fragrance oils are perfect for crafting candles for outdoors as they already contain components that repel insects like mosquitoes. Its fragrance is grassy and floral making the perfect outdoor scent.
Lavender candle fragrance: Lavender fragrance oils are great for outdoor candles as it has analgesic, antifungal and antiseptic qualities. Not only can it prevent mosquito bites it can also help soothe and calm the skin if bitten by insects or reactive to outdoor plants. Its sweet smelling floral, herbal, and woodsy scent will create the perfect outdoor aroma as you relax on your patio.
Lemongrass candle fragrance: Derived from natural and non-toxic plants, lemongrass, much like Citronella, is great for repelling pesky insects that come with outdoor fun. With its fresh, lightweight and lemony scent lemongrass drives insects away and can also help boost your health.
Candle Safety Tips: Candles are a great way to add a new aroma to your home as well as a great addition to your home décor! The love for candles can grow so great that it can become a great hobby that may or may not transform into an at-home business!
Although having candles in your home can be a great addition and making them from home can be convenient and fun, it's important that we take the necessary safety measures to ensure we keep ourselves and our neighbors safe. The National Fire Protection Association reported that there are an average 21 home fires caused by candles, which can be prevented by following candle safety measures.
No matter your skill level or the amount of candles you’ve burned in your home it’s extremely important to continue taking safety precautions throughout your candle-making process and when it’s time to burn them.
When crafting candles in your home or any workspace for that matter, it is important that you have the proper equipment within reach to make sure that your process runs smoothly and if there are any additional mishaps they can be taken care of right away.
Important safety equipment
- Fire Extinguisher: Have a fire extinguisher nearby or in your work space. Much like cooking oil, using water to put out a fire near hot wax can cause the wax to behave more aggressively meaning it may splatter.
- Safety Goggles: Use safety goggles when pouring wax into your vessels so that the wax doesn’t splash into your eyes.
- Heat resistance gloves or Potholders : Specifically for handling pans and other hot equipment. Using heat resistant gloves or potholders will prevent you from touching something hot and possibly causing a spill.
- First Aid Kit : It’s essential to have a first aid kit nearby or in your work space in case you need to tend to any injuries.
It’s important that you use proper candle-making equipment to ensure when crafting you are using the right equipment that will perform correctly for the many tasks that come with candle making.
As much fun as crafting candles can be, it is a very tedious and time consuming process, but it’s important that you never leave wax to melt unattended or walk away from a lit stove. Even electric stoves and wax melters can pose a fire hazard if you leave the room while they’re on.
Keep your space clean
Much like cooking it’s important to clean as you go when crafting candles to refrain from having unwanted spills or accidents like a cloth catching fire.
When crafting candles at home in your kitchen it’s important that you clean your space before you get started, cleaning up any cooking messes you may have had prior to starting your candle project. Cleaning up any cooking oil is especially important, as this can create a fire hazard. Also move any flammable products out of the way before getting started.
Ventilation in your workspace is also very important when crafting candles. Be sure to get airflow going by opening a window or using a fan to circulate the air in your workspace. Additionally, it may also be beneficial to tie back your hair or wear your hair in an updo. Not only does this keep your hair safe from any open flames, it also prevents any stray hairs falling into your products.
Overall, it is extremely important that when you are crafting a candle you take safety precautions to ensure you and your neighbors will not be put in danger. It is also important to read all the instructions listed on your products.
Have you ever crafted a candle and once you light it it’s not burning properly, meaning you are experiencing a low flame and almost zero melt pool. If this is an issue you’re experiencing, continue reading to learn more!
Candle making can become very technical and is an ongoing process of trial and error, but it's important to know that if you are experiencing issues such as low flame and little to no melt pool it can be attributed to multiple things, here we will go over the different factors that can contribute to this problem.
To begin, in order for a candle to burn properly it needs fuel/oxygen. When it comes to candle making if your candle lacks fuel/ oxygen this will affect your candle's flame. Your candle gets its fuel/oxygen from the wax. Reasons your candle may not be receiving any fuel/oxygen could be because of fragrance oil overload, too much dye added to wax, or the wrong wick size.
Moreover, if ingredients are overloaded this can lead to your wick becoming clogged and not being able to perform at its best. It could also be as simple as your wick being the wrong size for the vessel you are currently using.
So let's get to the details, what does it mean to overload your candle with additional ingredients?
First, it’s important to know that when crafting scented candles it's important to use fragrance oils that are meant or can be used for candle making. Fragrance oils are great when you want to create a scented candle(s), but if you add too much fragrance oils it can alter the size of your flame meaning it becomes clogged by an overload of oils.
When you light a candle it may look like the melt pool is what is creating the scent, you’d be surprised to know that the melt pool is not entirely where the scent is derived from. When a candle is burning, for it to burn properly the wax and fragrance oil must travel up through the wick igniting the scent but if there is an overload this burn flow will be altered.
Fragrance oil overload can also contribute to a mushrooming wick which can also affect your candle flame. Most waxes have a recommended fragrance oil load of 3% - 12% max. It is important to follow recommended instructions.
Candle making dye, much like fragrance oils can also overload your wax which can lead to clogging your wick if too much dye is being added to your melted wax. We recommend adding your dye into your wax moderately and testing the color by scooping some of the wax on a spoon and placing it on a paper towel and letting the color set to ensure you have the right color.
Having the wrong sized wick can affect your candle greatly in the way that if you have a wick that is too small it can lead to clogging as it may drown in wax as well as not be able to create the proper sized burn pool.
If your wick is too large it can cause the wick to get smaller as it will create a large melt pool that the wick may curl into. Additionally, if you have too many wicks it can cause the wicks to droop as it will also create a large melt pool, as well as cause a low flame as each wick will be taking up fuel/oxygen.
In order to fix these issues, you must test everything, meaning remeasuring the amount of ingredients you are using and craft “test candles. Thus, meaning you must try reducing the amount of dye being used as well as fragrance oils. You must also test wick size meaning you must increase wick size or reduce wick size depending on what is happening to your flame. You may also want to try different candle containers as well as wax blends.
The key to candle-making is to test test TEST. Test everything to ensure you are crafting not only a quality candle but a safe quality candle.
During these hot summer days, it can be tricky trying to find something fun and engaging for you and your family to do together especially, when celebrating national holidays like Father’s day and more indoors. Take a look at this fun at-home beeswax candle-making project to do with your family, with 5 easy steps and simple supplies needed.
In this at-home project, we will be crafting candles using 100% beeswax honeycomb sheets!
Honeycomb sheets are unscented and easy to use, requiring no heat or added fragrance. These honeycomb sheets can easily be cut into designs and appliqués and the best part is they come in a variety of different bright colors so you can take your creativity in any direction you’d like.
To begin, you need the following supplies:
Now, you can add candle glitter or any other decorations to your candle to customize as your own.
Beeswax sheets are soft and flexible and can be easily rolled up to make candles with a natural aroma. Crafting with beeswax material will ensure your candle can be used for a long time. 100% beeswax honeycomb sheets are perfectly suitable for candle-making, crafts, modeling, bowstring waxing, sealing bottles and jars or just for plain decorating. These uniquely textured sheets are available in different vibrant colors and can be used for rolling taper candles and pillar candles.
As a candle maker, it can be tedious looking for the right candle wax that not only fit your budget but fit your lifestyle and values. To continue to do our part not only by providing a variety of products to cater to all candle makers we are also doing our part to preserve our environment by carrying products that are 100% natural.
All of our 100% natural waxes can be considered “plant-based” and even vegan as they are processed using naturally derived ingredients. In this blog, our candle-making expert will go over all of our 100% natural products and their benefits.
Our new G1 Superior 100% Soy Wax is naturally derived from vegetable soybeans and has many advantages such as an extended burn time, no unsightly black soot, and is less likely to trigger allergies.
This product has a creamy texture with great glass adhesion and a melting point of 122F – 126F. Manufactured with the candle makers in mind. While there are other soy waxes available, this was designed and made for candle users, not the food industry. For example, others will process the wax in less than 2 hours, G1’s process takes over 4 hours. The slower process leaves many double bonds. The double bonds are very good to help reduce the chances of fat blooming also known as frosting.
Our Cargill C3 Nature wax is 100% Soy Wax and is quite resistant to bloom (white frosting) and “wet spots” while producing an excellent scent throw with fragrances. This 100% soy wax is specifically designed for container candles, producing an opaque product with a balanced, creamy look and has great adhesion to glass. Shrinkage is minimal when cooling however most jars will require touch-up with a heat gun or a second pouring. It comes in flake form with a melting point of 127℉ and a flash point >600℉.
Our manufacturing processes separate the protein from the oil to create oils that are GMO free. We use only GMO free oils to create our waxes. Our wax has been tested using the PCR test method (the industry standard used to verify non-GMO claims), and the qualitative test results have shown that GMOs are “Not detected.”
Soy wax is a 100% natural wax derived from the vegetable soybeans. Soy wax is made from environmentally friendly, renewable resources. This wax has many advantages: an extended burn time, no unsightly black soot, and it’s a naturally-derived product.
Soy wax is perfect for container candles, tealight candles, wax melts and tarts. Some of the benefits of this wax are clean burning and being long-lasting. Since soy wax has no toxins, it is less likely to trigger allergies. Soy wax burns cooler which means that you can enjoy your soy wax candle for generally 30-50% longer.
Our premium-grade, 100% beeswax is all-natural, chemical and particle-free. The beeswax is perfect for candle and soap making, batiking fabric, painting in encaustics, or mixing up a batch of specialty furniture polish. Beeswax candles are also commonly used during religious services as well as numerous hobby and craft projects.
This Beeswax is easy to use and perfect for those who want to craft candles using natural products and again great for the environment.
100% Beeswax Honeycomb Sheets
Our 100% beeswax honeycomb sheets are richly colored and textured. This beeswax sheet is soft and flexible and can be easily rolled up to make an elegant candle with a natural aroma. By making it with beeswax material, your candle can be used for a long time. This product is perfectly suitable for candle-making, crafts, modeling, bowstring waxing, sealing bottles and jars or just for plain decorating. These uniquely textured sheets are available in different vibrant colors and can be used for rolling taper candles and pillar candles.
As mentioned before each of our 100% natural waxes is considered “plant-based” and even vegan as they are processed using naturally derived ingredients. These products are easy to use and great for not only candle-making but other at-home craft projects you may have.
When crafting candles, deciding which wax you’ll use is a crucial part of the production as well as the performance of your candle. Each wax is different and usually designed to do a certain purpose, which is why many candle makers are sometimes surprised to know they may need an additive to ensure they get the best quality candle out of their wax. In this blog our candle making expert will go over what additives are and why you may need them.
Additives are additional products/ingredients that you can add to your candle wax to improve the quality of the finished product.
Currently, we carry 10 different candle additives all of which have a different purpose to ensure the best performance and quality of your candles.
Note: It’s important to understand before using additives that some waxes are already blended with additives so there is no need to add additional additives. However, most wax described as a base paraffin wax meaning they have been blended with paraffin but there were no performance enhancing additives blended in at the time of its manufacturing will likely need an additive such as our Vybar 260.
Wax additives can help reduce product imperfections as well as the performance of your candle, they may also enhance the appearance and overall lifespan of your product.
Wax additives can split into 3 distinct groups.
Polymers: Polymers also known as synthetic polyethylenes and copolymers. These additives are used to improve the appearance and performance of a candle. Vybars are the most commonly used polymer to improve opacity, hardness, fragrance retention and color.
Microcrystalline Waxes: Microcrystalline waxes are used to harden wax, glass adhesion in container candles and elevating fragrance load.
Individually Based Solution Additives: Stearic Acid, Stearin, Mineral Oils, Mottling Oils, Polysorbate, UV Light Inhibitor and UV Light Stabilizer, EVA, Petrolatum, Polyethylene, Container Maker and Universal Additive are mostly used to improve the appearance and to enhance the scent and color lifespan.
There are many pros and cons to using additives as they do help enhance your candle wax but some additives have unnatural ingredients that some candle makers dislike. Ultimately though you do not have to use additives if it does not fit into your candle making process a good alternative for an additive to harden your candles as well as staying natural would be adding Beeswax to your wax.
To learn in explicit details about each of our additives please read our previous blog
Once you begin candle making it’s always exciting experimenting with different fragrances oils, as well as essential oils but it’s important to understand what is the right amount of fragrance oils that should be added to your candle wax. As well as when you should add your oils to your candle wax.
Fragrance oils are defined as a concentrated blend of synthetic or natural aroma components used to create a scented oil. In addition, fragrance oils have been mixed with scentless carrier oils allowing the aroma to be lightweight which will allow your scent to come through once burned.
Essential oils are defined as concentrated oil derived from an organic/natural substance (plant material, flowers, leaves, wood, and grass). In addition, these oils are referred to as “essential” as they contain the strongest scent that a particular plant, root, or flower contains, embodying its full essence.
To learn more about the differences between essential oils and fragrance oils read our previous blog Fragrance oils vs. Essentials oils: Defining oils for scented candles.
When using candle fragrance oils, the amount of fragrance oil you use depends on the type of wax, the type of fragrance oil, and of course your personal preferences of scent throw.
The Scent throw is the quality of smell in which your candle gives off. The over aroma it will create in your space.
Important to note: Using too little fragrance may result in a light scent throw, while using too much may result in a strong hot throw. Also, it is important to be careful to not overload your wax with fragrance oils, this can lead to your candle sweating or curdling and other issues.
We recommend using 1 ounce of fragrance oils per pound of wax you will be using to craft your candles.
It is also important to note when measuring out how much candle wax and fragrance oil you will be using, it is essential to note that we suggest you work with ounces (oz.) or grams (g), ultimately measuring oils in ounces.
For Soy wax, the recommended fragrance load is about 9% Depending on how many candles you will be making and the capacity of your candle vessel.
For Coconut and blended waxes, you can add about 10% to 12% of fragrance oils to your wax, keep in mind this will give your candle a very strong scent.
The fragrance oil ratios are important as they may also impact your candle wicks and the melt pool of the candle. Finding the perfect balance is definitely a challenge for all candle makers but it’s imperative that you test during your candle-making process to know which products work best for you and to observe how each product works when crafting.